She was the house servant who was given complete charge of domestic management; she was a friend and advisor.
This stereotypical concept was invented by white slave owners who promoted the notion that male African slaves were animal in nature.
Gollywog is a similarly enduring caricature, most often represented as a blackface doll, and dates to American children's books of the late 19th century.
The character found great favor among the Whites of Great Britain and Australia as well, into the late 20th century.
Notably, as with Sambo, the term as an insult crosses ethnic lines; the derived Commonwealth English epithet Wog is applied more often to people from the Arabian Peninsula and Indian Subcontinent than to Africans, though "Golly dolls" still in production mostly retain the look of the stereotypical blackface minstrel.
The term pickaninny, reserved for children, has a similarly broadened pattern of use; while it originated in a Portuguese word for 'small child' in general, it was applied especially to African-American children in the United States, then later to Australian Aboriginal children.
"Sambo" refers to black men that were considered very happy, usually laughing, lazy, irresponsible, or carefree.
This depiction of black people was displayed in films of the early 20th century.
Krimmel's representation of a "[s]habbily dressed" fiddler and serving girl with "toothy smile" and "oversized red lips" marks him as "..of the first American artists to utilize physiognomical distortions as a basic element in the depiction of African-Americans." Minstrel shows portrayed and lampooned black people in stereotypical and often disparaging ways, as ignorant, lazy, buffoonish, superstitious, joyous, and musical.
These stock characters are still continuously used and referenced for a number of different reasons.
Many articles reference Mammy and Jezebel in television shows with Black female main characters, like in the television series Scandal.
Stereotypes and generalizations about African Americans and their culture have evolved within American society dating back to the colonial years of settlement, particularly after slavery became a racial institution that was heritable. From the colonial era through the American Revolution ideas about African-Americans were variously used in propaganda either for or against the issue of slavery.
A comprehensive examination of the restrictions imposed upon African-Americans in the United States of America through culture is examined by art historian Guy C. Paintings like John Singleton Copley's Watson and the Shark (1778) and Samuel Jennings' Liberty Displaying the Arts and Sciences (1792) are early examples of the debate underway at that time as to the role of Black people in America.